Errors in reasoning aren’t limited to just us regular folk. Even highly educated scientists – who are taught how to think and are taught how to follow the scientific method – are not immune to committing logical fallacies. Unbeknownst to us, biases find a way to creep into into our thoughts and eventually into the arguments we make. It takes a a lot of effort to avoid using logical fallacies. But understanding them is essential to making rational and reasonable decisions in life. The Upturned Microscope Presents: Logical Fallacies in the Lab, of all places, with a few of our favorites being:
- The Burden of Proof: Asserting that a claim is true because it cannot be proven false.
- Arguing from Fallacy: Presuming that a claim must be wrong because it was based on a logical fallacy.
- The Appeal to Authority: Assuming a claim is true because an authority says it is.
- The Gambler’s Fallacy: Assuming that past frequency affects future outcomes in statistically independent phenomena.
- The Bandwagon: Assuming a claim is true because many or most other believe it.
- Ambiguity: Using language or linguistic structures with more than one meaning to mislead or misrepresent the truth.
For those work work in the lab doing science-y things, you’ll appreciate these even more.
Source: The Upturned Microscope