When people think of philosophers, their minds often turn to the likes of Aristotle, Plato and Rene Descartes. However, that doesn’t mean that there aren’t any philosophers that have been and are still around in the 21st century, who have an equal weighting when it comes to the science of modern philosophy. There are a number of philosophical museums across Europe in particular that you can visit, featuring the puzzles and problems of philosophers from both the 21st century and prior. If you are planning on a visit to any of these museums, then it is important that you take out an e111 renewal to protect you from any medical emergencies.
Here are a few of the more controversial philosophers from 21st century.
While he is widely known as a political anarchist and dissident, Chomsky’s opinions are widely read. While most of his influential works were in the realm of linguistics rather than philosophy, a lot of his later work became popular in critical theory circles. He is a major figure in analytic philosophy, and one of the founders of the field in cognitive science, while also being the author of over 100 books of topics such as linguistics, war, politics and more. While he is highly critical of many other philosophers in the field, Chomsky has been active in many different areas of the field including philosophy of the mind, the philosophy of language and the philosophy of science. One his more recent conflicts has been with Sam Harris, regarding the ethics of war, terrorism, state surveillance, and other related topics.
Zizek is a psychoanalytic philosopher, who has regularly hit the headlines when it comes to defending the idea of communism, and also for endorsing Donald Trump for his presidency. He is philosophical when it comes to political thought, and argues that the state is a system of regulatory institutions that shape our behaviour, and that its power is purely symbolic. While he has been heavily criticised by many hundreds of academics for slipping between philosophical and psychoanalytical arguments and for being ambiguous, for the people of his country and for many of those with similar views to his, Zizek is extremely influential. He is also exceptionally influential due to his interpretation of Lacan, in terms of Hegel’s relation to Kant, and then his application to Cultural, Literary and Filmic phenomena.
Searle’s most influential work was on Speech Acts, which tests the rules of language. His 1969 Book combines his account of illocutionary acts, where he provides an analysis of promising while providing semantical rules which represent the linguistic meaning of devices, showing further illocutionary act types. Some of his other influential work includes Intentionality (1983) which believes that illocutionary acts are characterised by having “conditions of satisfaction”. He also builds on the idea of consciousness, subjectivity, artificial intelligence and social reality showing just how in tune the philosopher is with today’s social movements in the realms of AI and more.