Our planet Earth is home to an incredibly wide array of species.  These fantastically amazing, creepy, and weird animals are only a small sample of our planet’s ecological diversity.  They each have unique adaptations which help them survive in their environment, and they are a testament to the awe and creativity that, given enough time, evolution can produce.  To celebrate the International Year of Biodiversity, let’s take a look at these creatures…

glass frog

Name:
Commonly known as Glass Frogs
Where It Lives:
Central and South America
Fact:
They are mostly arboreal, live along rivers and streams during the breeding season, and are particularly diverse in mountain cloud forests of Central and South America.

dragonfish
Name:
Commonly known as Dragonfish
Where It Lives:
Tropical ocean regions, up to 5000ft below sea level
Fact:
The Dragonfish lures its prey closer using bio luminescence, and has a row of teeth on its tongue.
gold frog

Name:
Commonly known as the Gold Frog
Where It Lives:
Brazil
Fact:
It holds the record for the world’s smallest frog.

blog fidh

Name:
Blobfish
Where It Lives:
Deep waters off the coast of Australia and Tasmania
Fact:
The flesh of the blobfish is mainly a gelatinous mass with a density slightly less than water; this allows the fish to float above the sea floor without expending energy on swimming.

giant isopod

Name:
Giant Isopod
Where It Lives:
Cold, deep waters of the Atlantic Ocean
Fact:
They are carnivorous scavengers, feeding on the carcasses of dead whales, fish, and squid.

axolotl

Name:
Axolotl
Where It Lives:
Mexico
Fact:
Part of the Salamander complex, they have the ability to regenerate body parts.

viperfish

Name:
Viperfish
Where It Lives:
Deep, tropical, temperate waters
Fact:
It’s believed to attack its prey by luring the victim close to itself with a light producing organ, called a photophore which is located on the end of its dorsal spine.

olm

Name:
Olm (or Proteus)
Where It Lives:
Karst caves of southern Europe
Fact:
The olm’s eyes are undeveloped, leaving it blind, while its other senses, particularly those of smell and hearing, are acutely developed. It also lacks any pigmentation in its skin.

aye-aye

Name:
Aye-Aye
Where It Lives:
Madagascar
Fact:
It is the world’s largest nocturnal primate. It taps on trees to find grubs, chews a hole to access them, then uses it’s thin middle finger to pull them out.

camel spider

Name:
Camel Spider
Where It Lives:
Middle East, Mexico, South West USA
Fact:
They can be up to eight inches long. It looks like they have 10 legs, but they actually only have 8: the other two “legs” are sense organs, called pedipalps.

great white shark

Name:
Great White Shark
Where It Lives:
Off the coast of most continents, except Antarctica and East/West Africa
Fact:
The great white shark is arguably the world’s largest known extant macropredatory fish and is one of the primary predators of marine mammals.

Satanic leaf tailed gecko

Name:
Satanic Leaf Tailed Gecko
Where It Lives:
Madagascar
Fact:
They rely on their camouflage to survive. They are only found in Madagascar, and as a result, their status is threatened.

anglerfish

Name:
Anglerfish
Where It Lives:
Deep ocean waters, worldwide
Fact:
The jaws are triggered in automatic reflex by contact with the tentacle (or lure), and they devour their prey whole.

longhorn cowfish

Name:
Longhorn Cowfish
Where It Lives:
Indo-Pacific region
Fact:
They are reef fish, and are very slow swimmers.

naked mole rat

Name:
Naked Mole Rat
Where It Lives:
East Africa
Fact:
It can live its entirely life inside burrows without seeing daylight. As a result, they are well protected from predators. In addition, it has a very low metabolism, and lacks pain sensation in its skin.

wolf fish

Name:
Wolf Fish
Where It Lives:
East and West coasts of the Atlantic Ocean
Fact:
The Wolf Fish’s throat is scattered with teeth, its upper and lower jaw have six fang-like teeth, and behind these lie three rows of crushing teeth.

Related Articles:

5 Creepy Insects From Northern Ontario
Real Life Dragon?

References:
year of biodiversity Cop 10

  • Anonymous

    That blobfish is hilarious in an extremely creepy way! Imagine if that thing swam up to you under water? You'd think you'd lost your mind. That Axolotl from the Salamander family is really similar to what we call a "Mud Puppy" here in Ontario Canada. I found a Mud Puppy one summer at the cottage and had NO idea what it was, it scared the shite out of me. I put it in a pail, and then my Dad told me what it was. It was about a foot and half long with the tail, a brownish colour, an its ears were longer and "fluffier" looking than the Axolotl. 🙂

  • Luke Scientiae

    >Excellent post. It's worth pointin out – particularly as this is a skepticism blog – that the camel spider photo was at the centre of a famous hoax. It was distributed in an email alongside claims that the camel spider could run at 10mph, eat camels, scream and all the rest. You can read more about it here: http://www.hoax-slayer.com/camel-spider-hoax-email.html

  • Anonymous

    I saw the giant isopods in the movie the dark crystal

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